By Tom Pawlak
Todd Lynch, one of our valued employees, brought in a damaged plastic panel from the back end of an 11-year-old pop-up camper and asked if it was worth fixing. It came from his hunting camper which has been rear-ended. He just wanted it to be functional. The impact had made cracks at nearly every screw hole for holding the panel in place, making it doubtful it would last another trip down the highway.
Opinions within our tech staff varied as to whether it was worth fixing. I thought it would be easier to repair than build a new one out of plywood. Others on the staff weren't so sure.
The panel was made with thermal formed plastic and was likely built using a vacuum-formed sheet-molded process. Plastic sheet roughly 1/16" thick is heated to the point of softening, placed over a mold and drawn into the form under vacuum. The reshaped plastic is then allowed to cool before it is removed from the mold and trimmed to final size. This process is still in use today to make simple molded shapes like inside panels for refrigerator doors. I was pretty sure the plastic was ABS or PVC, which our epoxy adheres to if it is sanded or exposed briefly to the flame of a propane torch.
We made fiberglass laminates using similar shaped, undamaged sections of the panel as a mold. When sured, these laminates were trimmed to the shape of the missing piece and glued in place with G/flex 655 epoxy.
Spacers and weights were used to force the grill into its original shape while the glue cured.
To be sure the epoxy would stick, I performed a quick adhesion test with G/5 Five-Minute Adhesive. If G/5 worked, I knew G/flex would stick even better but I would get my answer the same day instead of waiting overnight for G/flex to cure. First, I sanded the portion of the surface, then sanded plus flame treated (with a propane torch) another portion. Next, I glued fiberglass laminate strops (3/16"-thick x 3/4"-wide x 2"-long) in place. I glued only half of each fiberglass tab to the plastic, leaving the other end free so I would have a short handle to pull up on to cause something to break. As I had hoped for, the break occurred in the G/5-to-fiberglass bond and not in the bond to the camper panel. The sanded surface achieved the same result as the sanded and flamed surface.
To minimize cosmetic work later, we did the repairs mostly on the back side of the panel so they would be out of view when the panel was reinstalled on the camper. However, there were missing pieces of plastic in the corners of the panel requiring attention from both sides.
The grill is helped against plastic covered plywood with clamps and weights so repairs will be flat and smooth.
Many of the holes around the perimeter were cracked and split. to repair these, we ground into and beveled the cracks about 1/2" back with a 2" diameter sanding disk mounted on a drill motor. We filled these dished0out areas with G/flex 655 and before it cured, set in a 1" diameter match of 4oz fiberglass cloth.
Repairing the missing sections required a backer mold to support the epoxy while it cured. Cellophane tape applied to flat plywood panels made an excellent mold and release surface for repairing flat sections of the panel.
The panel had warped slightly, so we weighed it down flat to make good contact with the mold. If we hadn't forced tight contact the cured repair would have required lots of sanding before it could be painted.
To repair missing sections involving the rounded corners, we made very lightweight fiberglass laminates off of similar shaped and undamaged sections along the edges of the panel. We covered with shiny plastic packaging tape the undamaged part of the panel that we needed to recreate. Next, we brushed G/flex 655 onto the surface and set a couple layers of 4oz fiberglass cloth into it. Then we applied more epoxy before setting in the second layer. When cured, these appropriately shaped laminates were removed from the grill, trimmed to the shape of the missing piece, sanded and glued in place with G/flex 655.
Todd spray painted the repaired panel with white textured Krylon Fusion plastic-compatible paint. he reinstalled it and says it now looks brand new.
The grill is clamped to remove twist while the repairs are made and the epoxy cures.
The repaired panel is back in place on the camper. A coat of Krylon Fusion textured, plastic-compatible paint completed the repair.
EPOXYWORKS Number 28, Spring 2009
Copyright © 2009, Gougeon Brothers, Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any form, in whole or in part, is expressly forbidden without the consent of the publisher. EPOXYWORKS, Gougeon Brothers, WEST SYSTEM, Episize, Scarffer and Microlight as used throughout this publication, are trademarks of Gougeon Brothers, Inc., Bay City, Michigan, USA.